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Peer-reviewed articles

2023

Zaidi,A., Seo,J., McCanna,D.J., Mahil,A., Jones,L. Molecular biology of two common ophthalmic viruses: Relevance to clinical practice Optometry in Practice 2023;24(1): [ Show Abstract ]

Due to the coronavirus pandemic, viruses have suddenly become a prominent topic of discussion. As such, it
is important to understand the life cycle and, ultimately, the process of inactivating viruses. To inactivate them
it is important to block the mechanisms that they use to induce infection. Due to their ability to survive on
various surfaces, appropriate cleaning practices to prevent viral spread and contamination of medical devices,
practice equipment and surfaces are paramount. Depending on the type of virus and genome configurations,
various mechanisms are used to induce a viral infection. Understanding the susceptibility of the viral outer
coating is crucial to preventing viral spread, whether through droplet transmission or while on surfaces (fomite
transmission). Knowledge of how viral receptors and proteins interact to facilitate the recognition, attachment
and entry of a virus into the host cell is vital for an understanding of how disinfectants and antivirals can be
effective. Viral replication, transcription and translation are also major targets of antivirals. This paper will
review the physiology of two major ophthalmic viruses: adenovirus and herpes simplex.